Page:VCH Warwickshire 1.djvu/382

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A HISTORY OF WARWICKSHIRE and is worth 10 shillings. The same Ulvric held it freely. From T(urchil) Ulsi holds 3^ virgates of land. 1 There is land for I J ploughs. In the demesne is half (a plough), and (there are) 2 villeins and 3 bordars with i plough ; and (there are) 4 acres of meadow. It was and is worth 10 shillings. From (Turchil) Gilbert holds in BENTONE [Bilton] 3 i virgate of land. There is land for half a plough. It was worth 5 shillings ; now 2 shillings. From T(urchil) Ordric holds in WALECOTE and WILEBENE and CALDECOTE [Walcote and Willoughby and Caldecote in Grand- borough] 2 hides. There is land for I plough. In the demesne however is I plough and 2 serfs ; and (there are) 4 villeins and 6 bordars with i J ploughs. There are 6 acres of mea- dow. It was worth 2O shillings ; now 30 shillings. The same Ordric held it freely. From (Turchil) Ulchetel holds in EPTONE [Napton] 3 half a hide. There is land for 3 ploughs. In the demesne is half a plough ; and (there are) 4 villeins and 2 bordars with i ploughs ; and (there are) 6 acres of mea- dow. It was worth 20 shillings ; now 30 shillings. The same Ulchetel held it freely. From (Turchil) Alwin holds in SOCHEBERGE [Upper Shuckburgh] * half a virgate of land. There is land for half a plough. It is there in the demesne with 2 bordars ; and (there are) 2 acres of meadow. It was and is worth 5 shillings. Ulwin held it freely. 1 The place where this estate was is not given. 1 I have no doubt that this identification is correct, for these are still places in ' Meretone ' Hundred, and there is no other name that could be mistaken for it among places subsequently ap- pearing in Marlon Leet. Moreover, as pointed out in the note on the previous entry of Earl Roger's estate, we have here the missing virgate which makes Bilton a j-hide place. Dugdale sug- gests that one scribe wrote ' Beu ' because that was equivalent to 'Bel,' and that another scribe mistook the ' u ' for ' n.' This however seems far-fetched. It appears to me that at one stage or another the names of places were often written down from word of mouth by men who could not easily distinguish the sounds of the liquid conso- nants. 3 See p. 321, note 5. 4 As mentioned in a former note (p. 314, note 5) this is Upper Shuckburgh, being in 'Meretone' Hundred, whereas Lower Shuckburgh was in ' Honesberie ' and afterwards in Kineton Hundred. From T(urchil) Leuiet and Goduin hold in WILEBEI [Willoughby] half a hide. There is land for i plough. The same is in the de- mesne, and (there are) 2 acres of meadow. It was and is worth 10 shillings. The very same men (Idem ipsi) held it. From T(urchil) Godric holds in NIWETONE [Newton 6 ] 2 hides. 8 There is land for 2 ploughs. In the demesne is I, and (there are) 4 villeins and 2 bordars ; and 2 acres of meadow. It was and is worth 20 shillings. Wlstan held it freely T.R.E. From T(urchil) Aide holds in NIWETONE [Newton 6 ] half a hide. There is land for half a plough ; yet i (plough) is there with 2 bordars. It was and is worth 10 shillings. Godeva held it freely. From T(urchil) Ralf holds in NIWETONE [Newton 7 ] half a hide. There is land for i plough. There are 2 villeins and half an acre of meadow. It was and is worth 2 shillings. From T(urchil) Ulvric holds in HOLME 8 [? Biggin] i hide. There is land for half a plough ; yet there is there I plough with 2 villeins and I borclar and I serf; and (there are) 3 acres of meadow. It was worth 5 shillings; now 10 shillings. The same Ulvric held it freely. fo. 24lb From T(urchil) Ralf holds in HOLME 8 [? Biggin] i hide. There is land for i plough. There is i bordar with half a plough, and (there are) 3 acres of meadow. It was worth 5 shillings ; now 3 shillings. Ulstan held it freely T.R.E. 6 In the parish of Newton and Biggin. 6 Here begi ns a 1 ist of places ( down to ' Lilleford ') afterwards found in Brinklow Leet, but in the Domesday Hundred of ' Meretone,' I think, ' Bomelau ' being more north and Marston being undoubtedly in Marton Leet. Newton is now considered to be in Clifton, but in the Subsidy Roll of I Edward III. was in Brinklow Leet, Clifton being in Marton Leet, as it had been in ' Meretone Hundred ' at the time of Domesday Book. 7 See note 5 above. 8 Dugdale, finding this place following after Newton, identifies it as Biggin, which now appears combined with Newton. I think he is right, as the 3 hides recorded for Newton and the 2 hides of Holme would make up a 5 -hide place. [The Testa de tievill (pp. 83, 98) shows that ' Holm ' was held by the Ardens of the Earls of Warwick. J.H.R.] 322