Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company

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Pollock v. Farmers' Loan Trust Company Hyde by Melvin Fuller

Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Company, 157 U.S. 429 (1895), aff'd on reh'g, 158 U.S. 601 (1895), with a ruling of 5–4, was a landmark case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the unapportioned income taxes on interest, dividends and rents imposed by the Income Tax Act of 1894 were, in effect, direct taxes, and were unconstitutional because they violated the provision that direct taxes be apportioned. The decision was nullified in 1913 by Amendment XVI to the US Constitution. Excerpted from Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Court Documents

United States Supreme Court

158 U.S. 601

Pollock  v.  Farmers' Loan Trust Company Hyde

[Syllabus from pages 601-607 intentionally omitted]

Jos. H. Choate and W. D. Guthrie, for appellants.

[Argument of Counsel from pages 607-613 intentionally omitted]

Atty. Gen. Olney and Asst. Atty. Gen. Whitney, for appellees.

[Argument of Counsel from pages 613-617 intentionally omitted]

Mr. Chief Justice FULLER delivered the opinion of the court:


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).