Report of the Commission of Enquiry, North Borneo and Sarawak, 1962/APPENDIX E

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APPENDIX E


NORTH BORNEO AND SARAWAK GOVERNMENT PAPERS



1.—"NORTH BORNEO AND MALAYSIA" PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF NORTH BORNEO, JESSELTON, FEBRUARY 1962.


The British and Malayan Governments have agreed that the creation of a "Federation of Malaysia", embracing the 11 States of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei is a desirable aim. They have not gone beyond this. Before coming to any final decision the two Government agreed that it would be necessary to ascertain the views of the people of the North Borneo and Sarawak and decided to set up a Commission of Enquiry to carry out this task and to make recommendations. Within the next few weeks the Commissition will be visiting North Borneo for the specific purpose of finding out opinion in this country by an enquiry on the spot. Opportunity will be afforded for all shades of opinion to heve their say. It is indeed in everyone interest to take advantage of this opportunity as it will in the light of what the Commission recommends that the final decision will be taken. The people of North Borneo should now think carefully about the future of this country so that they will ready to express considered views to the Commission when it comes.

2. The declared aim of the British Government is to grant independence to all its Colonial territories as soon as they are ready fot it. Hitherto this has been thought of simply as independence for North Borneo standing itself, or, more recently, in association with Sarawak. But two stark political facts must be faced. These are:


(1) The real treat is presenting to South-East Asia. If any one territory in the Malaysia region should succumb to Communist domonation it would only be a matter of time before the others would be placed in serious jeopardy of a similar fate. United these territories would be in an immeasubly stronger position to contain and repel Communism


(2) The ride of opinion in the world to-day is running strongly against Colonialism. Independence is accordingly likely to come sooner rather that later than has hitherto been anticipated. But the world into which an independent North Borneo would be plunged is a turbulent and predatory one, and there could only be a precarious future for North Borneo on its own, or even in association with Sarawak.






16. It is hoped that this publication will help the people of North Borneo to understand the issues on wich the Commiccion will seek their views. It will be the task of the Commission in the light of those views to work out a plan for Malaysia which will be acceptable to the people of North Borneo and Sarawak. There is no reason to suppose that this cannot be successfully accomplished. The people of North Borneo will be given a fair hearing, and it is hoped that after listening to their representations and assessing what modifications of the present Federal Constitution are necessary to meet local conditions, the Commission will be able to commend a plan that will be worlable, endurable, and acceptable to all participants, not least the of North Borneo.


Jesselton, North Borneo.
31st January, 1962



II.—"MALAYSIA AND SARAWAK" PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF SARAWAK, KUCHING, JANUARY 1962.


The British and Malayan Government have agreed that the creation of a "Federation of Malaysia", embracing the 11 States of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei is a desirable aim. the view of the British Government is that, is responbility to guide the Borneo territories to self-government in conditions that will be visiting North Borneo and Sarawak in the near future to ascertain the view of the peoples these two territories on this proposal and to make recommendations, It will be for the Commission, in the light of the evidence the receive to work out a plan which they believe will be accaptable to the peoples of both territories.

2. The object of this publication is to explain in simple terms what " Malaysia " means and to assist the people of Sarawak in making up their mind what views they should present to the Commission when it comes. There has already been much disscusion on this subject in the newspapaers, and there have been some very useful exchange of views in the Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee, but there is general demand for a factual and objective exposition of Sarawak place in the Federation of Malaysia.


3. The declared aim of the British Government is to grant independence to all Colonial territories as soon as they are ready for it. Hitherto this has been thought of simply as independence for Sarawak standing by itself or, more recently. In association with North Borneo. Now an opportunity is provided for independence as part of a larger Malaysian unit. There are obvious advantages in this. In area Sarawak is not much smaller than the Federation of Malaya but its population is under three-quarters of a million compared with 7 million in the Federation. It would find it very difficult and very expensive to stand alone as an independent territory. The people of Malaya and Borneo have cultural, economic and historical ties which make them fit naturally together as a group. This is universally recognised and at the recent Solidarity Consultative Committee meeting at Kuching all the delegates supported the concept of Malaysia. What is more difficult to is decide in what way Sarawak can best fit into this concept.








19. This paper has endeavoured to set out the framework of the Federation and to direct attention to the special interest Sarawak has in such matters as religion, land development, migration, education, language and the civil service, and to indicate a approach to the solution of such problems with the intention of assisting the public to put to the Commission constructive proposals for acceptable plan.


Secretariat, Kuching,
4th January, 1962.







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