Science of Dress
THE SCIENCE OF DRESS IN THEORY AND PRACTICE.
ADA S. BALLIN, LECTURER TO THE NATIONAL HEALTH SOCIETY, ETC. WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS.
London: SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, SEARLE, & RIVINGTON, CROWN BUILDINGS, 188, FLEET STREET.
The importance of dress in relation to health—The ideal of beauty—Admired deformities—Fashion's follies—The development of the science of health —Health and beauty—The beauty of decay— Popular neglect of health—The care of self a duty —Custom—The instincts of the lower animals a better protection to their young than the reason of woman—Ignorant mothers—Parents' responsibility—The care of infancy I
THE BODY IN HEALTH.
COLD, AND THE HARM IT DOES.
HOW TO DRESS INFANTS.
careless use of needles and pins—Faulty construction of baby clothes—Rational baby clothing—Night clothing—Position during sleep—The danger of adults overlying children—Cots and cradles—The impropriety of rocking infants to sleep 58
OUT-DOOR DRESS AND EXERCISE FOR YOUNG CHILDREN.
CLOTHING FOR OLDER CHILDREN.
COLOUR OF MATERIALS FOR CLOTHING.
Poisonous dyes—Red aniline dye—Red flannel—Misuse of aniline dyes—Poisoning by aniline dyes—Arsenical poisoning from dyes—Reinsch's test for arsenic—Lead-poisoning by dyes—The choice of colours so as to avoid injury by poisonous dyes—Experiments on the relative values of various colours for use in hot climates 110
THE USE AND ABUSE OF CORSETS.
—Nature's warnings—The sensations as danger signals—Instances—Nature's adaptability to adverse circumstances—"Know thyself!"—Popular ignorance of physiology—Artificial and natural waists—The physiology of the thorax and abdomen—The viscera—The pathology of tight-lacing—A test for tight-lacing—How to train the body to do without stays—Tight-lacing abroad—Mohammedan opinions on the subject—Attempts to abolish tight-lacing—Abuse of surgical stays—The risk of injury by corsets diminished when growth is complete—Evils produced by ill-made stays—Rational stays for adults—A new and improved method of lacing stays 140
A NEW SYSTEM OF DRESS FOR WOMEN.
How to fasten the clothes when stays are not worn—Over-loose clothing—Proper distribution of the weight of clothing—Seasonable clothing—The bodice—The weight of skirts—Dual garments—The Lancet on divided skirts—Drawers and their adoption—Divided dresses at the Healtheries—The Rational Dress Society's patterns—Trimmings of dresses—Princess robes—How to fasten the dress skirt—Jerseys-How dresses should be fitted—A word about dressmakers 171
DRESS FOR OUT OF DOORS.
The throat and collars—Tailor-made jackets—What cloths to choose for them and for walking dresses— Furs—Bonnets—Artificial flowers—Some causes of baldness—Hats, and how they should be made—Veils—Gloves—Waterproofs—Water-repellent clothes 192
SUITABLE DRESS FOR EXERCISE AND SPORTS.
Our girls' need of exercise—Gymnastics: their use and abuse—Exercise and excess—Body and mind—Games—Lawn-tennis—Cricket for girls—Riding-trousers, belts and hats—Tricycling—Its advantages—When to practise it—Lady tricyclists—Salutary influence of tricycling on women's dress—Tricycling costumes—General hints on dress for tricycling, and on boots and shoes for that purpose. 204
THE FEET AND HOW TO CLOTHE THEM.
The evils produced by badly-shaped boots and shoes—A common cause of anaemia—Some remarks on the history of foot-clothing—Chinese foot mutilations—European foot mutilations—Anatomy and physiology of the feet—The pathology of ill-made boots—Proper construction of boots—Boots and bootmakers—Healthy boots—Children's boots—Infants' boots—How stockings should be shaped— Indoor and dancing shoes—The harm, done by pointed-toed patent leather shoes—Properly-shaped shoes—Winter boots—Corns and their cure—The ventilation of boots—Wet feet—Slippers 228
Advice to women—Some of the causes of fashions—Imitation—Conservation—Trade influence—The crinoline—Revivals of past fashions—Trade morality—The canons of beauty—The value of health—The care of health a duty 257