Simplified Grammar of the Hungarian Language/Conjunctions

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A conjunction is a part of speech that joins together words or sentences; as, anyám és atyám, my father and my mother.

They are:—

1. Copulative: és (abbrev. 's), and; is, also; meg, and; pedig, but, yet; mégis, still, and yet; ismét, again; hogy, that; sem, neither.

2. Disjunctive: vagy, or. Here are to be mentioned which are repeated or united in the same clause; as, vagy—vagy, either—or; akár—akár, whether—or; sem—sem, neither—nor.

3. Opposing: de, hanem, but; ámde, though; egyébiránt, besides; különben, else.

4. Explanative: azaz, that is; vagyis, or.

5. Causal: mivel, mert, because; minthogy, since, as, because.

6. Conclusive: hát, tehát, azért, therefore.

7. Concessive: bár, ámbár, habár, noha, jóllehet, although (granted that it is so).

8. Exceptive: csak, csakis, csupán, mindazáltal, nevertheless, in spite of that.

9. Conditional: ha, hogyha, hacsak, if.

10. Emphatic: sőt, inkább, sőtmég. These have no corresponding form in English, but are construed thus: sőt szeretni fogom, on the contrary, I will like it.

11. Locative: ott-hol, there-where; ahonnan, whence.

12. Final: hát, tehát, therefore; egyébiránt, otherwise, although; elvégre, utoljára, concluding, at last, finally.