Template:Cite web

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This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template.

Cite news can also be used when citing a news source; for general information about citations in Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:Cite sources. A general discussion of the use of templates for adding citations to Wikipedia articles is available at Wikipedia:Citation templates.

Usage[edit]

Note: None of the parameters should be capitalised, in order to avoid the article being tagged as having a broken citation. For example, use "url", "title", etc. - not "URL", "Title", etc.

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}
Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite web
| url           =
| title         =
| last1         =
| first1        =
| authorlink1   =
| last2         =
| first2        =
| authorlink2   =
| date          =
| year          =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor        =
| editor-link   =
| editor1-last  =
| editor1-first =
| editor1-link  =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor2-link  =
| editors       =
| website       =
| series        =
| publisher     =
| location      =
| page          =
| pages         =
| at            =
| language      =
| script-title  =
| trans-title   =
| type          =
| format        =
| arxiv         =
| asin          =
| bibcode       =
| doi           =
| doi-broken-date=
| isbn          =
| issn          =
| jfm           =
| jstor         =
| lccn          =
| mr            =
| oclc          =
| ol            =
| osti          =
| pmc           =
| pmid          =
| rfc           =
| ssrn          =
| zbl           =
| id            =
| archiveurl   =
| archivedate  =
| deadurl       =
| accessdate    =
| quote         =
| ref           =
| separator     =
| postscript    =
| subscription  =
| registration  =
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
| url=
| archiveurl=
| archiveurl=
| url=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.
Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite web
| url        =
| title      =
| last       =
| first      =
| date       =
| website    =
| publisher  =
| accessdate =
}}

Parameters[edit]

Required parameters[edit]

  • url: URL of online item. Start the url with the communications protocol, e.g. http://.
  • title: Title of online item. This title will appear as the citation itself, hyperlinked to the URL. Certain characters must be replaced with their HTML numeric reference to be used in the title. The character "[" must be replaced with "&#91;", "]" with "&#93;", and "|" (vertical bar) with "&#124;".

Optional parameters[edit]

  • author parameters
    • author Use if specific individuals (rather than large organizations) are named as writing the page. Use the publisher field to report the organization that controls the website.
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • last1, first1, ..., last9, first9 and optionally authorlink1, ..., authorlink9 for specifying more authors (note: last1, first1 and authorlink1 are synonyms for last, first and authorlink, so use either last1 or last, not both)
  • a date parameter
    • either date: Full date of publication. Should not be wikilinked.
    • or year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Should not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • work: In most cases this is the name of the website (as usually given in the logo/banner area of the site), otherwise the site's domain name (without the leading "www." part). If the titled item being cited is part of some other larger work, such as a book, periodical or organizational sub-site (e.g., the law school's section of a university's website system), it is usually better to use the name of that more specific work than that of the entire site. Do not italicize; the software will do so automatically.
  • publisher: The name of the entity that publishes (owns or controls) the website. Commonly, this is a government agency, educational institution, or business. For many websites, the author and publisher are the same, and only one needs to be included in the citation; prefer publisher for organizations, author (or first/last) for individuals. Please note that publisher is not the name of the website; that is the work, except in cases where the business name is identical to the site name. For example, the corporation Walmart is the publisher of the website at walmart.com, which is the work; Amazon.com is the publisher of the website at amazon.com, which need not be specified as the work, as this would be redundant. For republished works, generally use the original publisher information (including location, date, etc., and it is often more appropriate to use {{cite book}}, {{cite news}}, etc. with a |url= parameter instead of of {{cite web}}).
    • location: Geographical location of the publisher (or headquarters thereof).
  • a page parameter
    • either page: Page number if a multi-page web article and referencing a single page. "page=5" produces p. 5.
    • or pages: Page numbers if a multi-page web article and referencing more than one page. "pages=5–7" produces pp. 5–7. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not a total number of pages.
    • or at: When the page prefix is unwanted. "at=Table 5" produces Table 5.
  • language: language of publication (do not specify "English" as this is the default).
    • trans_title: A translated title of the article, in case the original title is in a foreign language. Would normally be used in conjunction with the language parameter.
  • arxiv:
  • asin:
  • bibcode: The document's bibcode in the Astrophysics Data System, e.g., 1924MNRAS..84..308E
  • doi:A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1038/news070508-7
    • Doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version. See {{doi}}: "id" is equivalent to "doi" and "label" is "doilabel"
    • doibroken: The date that a digital object identifier link was found to be broken.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number such as 1-111-22222-9. Note that |isbn=, like all field names, must be in lowercase. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link. The template is insensitive to formatting so an ISBN number without dashes ("-") may be used (e.g. |isbn=1111222229), though ISBNs with correctly formatted dashes are preferred (see Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN). Please use the 13-digit ISBN where possible; this can normally be found beneath the barcode as a number beginning 978 or 979. For books with the older SBN system (9 digits), use this field but prefix the number with a zero; thus SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. More information about this feature and its advantages is available at Wikipedia:ISBN.
  • issn: The publication's International Standard Serial Number such as 1111-2220. The eight-figure ISSN may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen; but not an N-dash or a space.
  • jfm:
  • jstor: Makes a link to a JSTOR article or journal determined by a given parameter. The main purpose is to use as part of an id option in a {{cite journal}} reference.
  • lccn:
  • mr:
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link.
  • ol:
  • osti:
  • pmc: The document's PubMed Central article number (PMCID) for full-text free repository of an article, such as 246835
    • embargo: The date that an article will be freely accessible at PubMed central. After this date, the title will automatically link to the free full text at PubMed Central (and the parameter will be removed by a bot).
  • pmid: The document's PubMed Unique Identifier, such as 15128012
  • rfc:
  • ssrn:
  • zbl:
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ASIN}} or {{ISSN}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use |id=ISBN 1-111-22222-9 anymore; use |isbn=1-111-22222-9. If the book has a SBN but not an ISBN, see |isbn=.)
  • archive parameters (if used, both parameters must be used together)
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and Archive.org.
    • archivedate: Date when the item was archived. Should not be wikilinked.
    • deadurl: Should be set to "yes"/"no" to indicate if the original link is dead or live. Setting |deadurl=no will change the main link to the original url.
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed. Should not be wikilinked. This should be given if the publication date is unknown; see Citation styles.
  • quote: Relevant quote from online item.
  • ref: ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing. The special value |ref=harv generates an anchor suitable for the {{harv}} template; see anchors for Harvard referencing templates.
  • separator: The separator to use in lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to ".", but "," may be useful also. If the field is present, but blank, no separator will be used.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation. If specified, over-rides the default behaviour of terminating the citation with a full stop. If the field is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. This may be useful when generating an output consistent with other templates. It is preferred to manually adding ending punctuation, as the punctuation occurs within the <cite> tag, so will appear before any icons added by browser plugins. Ignored if |quote= is specified.

Duplicate periods[edit]

By default, {{cite web}} separates some fields with periods, so do not encode those fields ending with a period or a duplicate period will be added. Example: "publisher=Camelot, Inc" will correctly show as Camelot, Inc. but "publisher=Camelot, Inc." will incorrectly show as Camelot, Inc..

Examples[edit]

Some standard use cases
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web ||url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using format
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Foreign language and translated title
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honni soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honni soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil] (in French). Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Authorlink
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |authorlink1=Author:John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
Coauthors
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
No author
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
No author, no publisher

This abbreviated format should only be used when the editor cannot determine the publisher and author.

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" for webpages that have been archived
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original on 11 September 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 }}
    "Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. 
Using "quote"
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |work=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    "Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2009. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...' 

TemplateData[edit]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string required
Source title title

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string required
Source date date

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string suggested
URL access date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string suggested
Website title websitework

Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string suggested
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string suggested
Last name lastlast1 author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown suggested
First name firstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown suggested
Author link authorlinkauthorlink1 author-link author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Others others

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Month of publication month

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Original year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditor1-last editor editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Series identifier series

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Translated title trans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
AZIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
AZIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
OL ol

Open Library identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Archive URL archiveurlarchive-url

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Archive date archivedatearchive-date

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Dead URL deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Separator separator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Lay URL layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Lay source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Lay date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Last name last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Last name last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
First name first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
unknown optional
Author link authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
wiki-page-name optional
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

Default
8
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
number optional
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Subscription required subscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Registration required registration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional
Edition edition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
string optional


See also[edit]