The American Cyclopædia (1879)/Carriere, Moritz
CARRIERE, Moritz, a German philosopher, born at Griedel, March 5, 1817. He studied at Giessen, Göttingen, and Berlin, and perfected his knowledge of art in Italy. In 1842 he became private teacher in the university, in 1849 professor at Giessen, and in 1853 at Munich, where he lectures chiefly on æsthetics at the university and on art history at the academy. He has written various works on philosophy, religion, poetry, and æsthetics, translated into German the letters of Abélard and Héloïse, composed a poem on the last night of the Girondists, urged the conversion of the cathedral of Cologne into a free church, and developed his liberal ideas in an essay on Cromwell. He has also prepared annotated editions of Goethe's Faust and Schiller's Wilhelm Tell; and during the Franco-German war he delivered lectures on Die sittliche Weltordnung in den Zeichen und Aufgaben unserer Zeit (Munich, 1870), and on Deutsche Geisteshelden im Elsass (1871). He is foremost among German thinkers who seek to reconcile Christianity with science, art, and history, and who are opposed to ultramontanism. His most celebrated work is Die Kunst im Zusammenhange der Culturentwickelung und die Ideale der Menschheit (4 vols., Leipsic, 1863-'71).