The American Cyclopædia (1879)/Jellachich de Buzim, Joseph
JELLACHICH DE BUZIM, Joseph, baron, an Austrian general, born in Peterwardein, Oct. 16, 1801, died in Agram, May 19, 1859. He was a colonel at the commencement of the Hungarian revolution in 1848, when his popularity among the Croats and their discontent at the advantages gained by the Magyars made him a convenient instrument for a reactionary movement. Being appointed by the emperor Ferdinand ban of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia, and general-in-chief in the southern districts, he carried on with vigor the consolidation of the Slavic tribes, convoked a diet, disregarded all adverse orders extorted from the court of Vienna by the Hungarian ministry, and finally invaded Hungary in September. Repulsed at Pákozd (Sept. 29), he joined Windischgrätz before Vienna, defeated Perezel at Moor (Dec. 29), and fought at Kápolna (February, 1849). Removed to the southern theatre of war, he was completely beaten by Guyon at Kis-Hegyes (July 14). His subsequent career was of little importance. His Gedichte were published at Vienna in 1850, and his soldier songs were popular.