The American Cyclopædia (1879)/Lachmann, Karl

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LACHMANN, Karl, a German philologist and critic, born in Brunswick, March 4, 1793, died in Berlin, March 13, 1851. He was educated at Leipsic and Göttingen, and in 1811 founded in the latter city, in conjunction with Dissen, Schulze, and Bunsen, a critical and philological society. He was successively preceptor at the gymnasium and professor in the university of Königsberg, and from 1827 till his death was a professor in that of Berlin. Among his numerous publications are critical editions of Propertius, Catullus, Tibullus, Lucretius, Gaius, the Nibelungenlied, Walther von der Vogelweide, and Wolfram von Eschenbach, and Betrachtungen über die Ilias (Berlin, 1847).