The Chinese Classics/Volume 1/Confucian Analects/IX

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Confucian Analects
Confucius's students, translated by James Legge
Book IX. Tsze Han.



【第一章】子罕言、利、與命、與仁。 【第二章】【一節】達巷黨人曰、大哉孔子、博學而無所成名。【二節】子聞之、謂門弟子曰、吾何執、執御乎、執射乎、吾執御矣。

Chapter I. The subjects of which the Master seldom spoke were—profitableness, and also the appointments of Heaven, and perfect virtue.

Chapter II. 1. A man of the village of Ta-hsiang said, "Great indeed is the philosopher K'ung! His learning is extensive, and yet he does not render his name famous by any particular thing."

2. The Master heard the observation, and said to his disciples, "What shall I practise? Shall I practise charioteering, or shall I practise archery? I will practise charioteering."




Chapter III. 1. The Master said, "The linen cap is that prescribed by the rules of ceremony, but now a silk one is worn. It is economical, and I follow the common practice.

2. "The rules of ceremony prescribe the bowing below the hall, but now the practice is to bow only after ascending it. That is arrogant. I continue to bow below the hall, though I oppose the common practice."

Chapter IV. There were four things from which the Master was entirely free. He had no foregone conclusions, no arbitrary predeterminations, no obstinacy, and no egoism.

Chapter V. 1. The Master was put in fear in K'wang.

2. He said, "After the death of King Wan, was not the cause of truth lodged here in me?

天之未喪斯文也、匡人其如予何。 【第六章】【一節】大宰問於子貢、曰、夫子聖者與、何其多能也。【二節】子貢曰、固天縱之將聖、又多能也。【三節】子聞之曰、大宰知我乎、吾少也賤、故多能、鄙事、君子多乎哉、不多也。【四節】牢曰、子云、吾不試、故藝。

3. "If Heaven had wished to let this cause of truth perish, then I, a future mortal, should not have got such a relation to that cause. While Heaven does not let the cause of truth perish, what can the people of K'wang do to me?"

Chapter VI. 1. A high officer asked Tsze-kung, saying, "May we not say that your Master is a sage? How various is his ability!"

2. Tsze-kung said, "Certainly Heaven has endowed him unlimitedly. He is about a sage. And, moreover, his ability is various."

3. The Master heard of the conversation and said, "Does the high officer know me? When I was young, my condition was low, and therefore I acquired my ability in many things, but they were mean matters. Must the superior man have such variety of ability? He does not need variety of ability."

4. Lao said, "The Master said, 'Having no official employment, I acquired many arts.'"




Chapter VII. The Master said, "Am I indeed possessed of knowledge? I am not knowing. But if a mean person, who appears quite empty-like, ask anything of me, I set it forth from one end to the other, and exhaust it."

Chapter VIII. The Master said, "The fang bird does not come; the river sends forth no map:—it is all over with me!"

Chapter IX. When the Master saw a person in a mourning dress, or any one with the cap and upper and lower garments of full dress, or a blind person, on observing them approaching, though they were younger than himself, he would rise up, and if he had to pass by them, he would do so hastily.

【第十章】【一節】顏淵喟然歎曰、仰之彌高、鑽之彌堅、瞻之在前、忽焉在後。【二節】夫子循循然善誘人、博我以文、約我以禮。【三節】欲罷不能、既竭吾才、如有所立卓爾、雖欲從之、末由也已。 【十一章】【一節】子疾病、子路使門人爲臣。【二節】病間曰、久矣哉、由之行詐也、無臣而爲有

Chapter X. 1. Yen Yuan, in admiration of the Master's doctrines, sighed and said, "I looked up to them, and they seemed to become more high; I tried to penetrate them, and they seemed to become more firm; I looked at them before me, and suddenly they seemed to be behind.

2. "The Master, by orderly method, skilfully leads men on. He enlarged my mind with learning, and taught me the restraints of propriety.

3. "When I wish to give over the study of his doctrines, I cannot do so, and having exerted all my ability, there seems something to stand right up before me; but though I wish to follow and lay hold of it, I really find no way to do so."

Chapter XI. 1. The Master being very ill, Tsze-lu wished the disciples to act as ministers to him.

2. During a remission of his illness, he said, "Long has the conduct of Yu been deceitful! By pretending to have ministers when I have them not, whom should I impose upon? Should I impose upon Heaven?





3. "Moreover, than that I should die in the hands of ministers, is it not better that I should die in the hands of you, my disciples? And though I may not get a great burial, shall I die upon the road?"

Chapter XII. Tsze-kung said, "There is a beautiful gem here. Should I lay it up in a case and keep it? or should I seek for a good price and sell it?" The Master said, "Sell it! Sell it! But I would wait for one to offer the price."

Chapter XIII. 1. The Master was wishing to go and live among the nine wild tribes of the east.

2. Some one said, "They are rude. How can you do such a thing?" The Master said, "If a superior man dwelt among them, what rudeness would there be?"

Chapter XIV. The Master said, "I returned from Wei to Lu, and then the music was reformed, and the pieces in the Royal songs and Praise songs all found their proper places."






Chapter XV. The Master said, "Abroad, to serve the high ministers and nobles; at home, to serve one's father and elder brothers; in all duties to the dead, not to dare not to exert one's self; and not to be overcome of wine:—which one of these things do I attain to?"

Chapter XVI. The Master standing by a stream, said, "It passes on just like this, not ceasing day or night!"

Chapter XVII. The Master said, "I have not seen one who loves virtue as he loves beauty."

Chapter XVIII. The Master said, "The prosecution of learning may be compared to what may happen in raising a mound. If there want but one basket of earth to complete the work, and I stop, the






stopping is my own work. It may be compared to throwing down the earth on the level ground. Though but one basketful is thrown at a time, the advancing with it is my own going forward."

Chapter XIX. The Master said, "Never flagging when I set forth anything to him;—ah! that is Hui."

Chapter XX. The Master said of Yen Yuan, "Alas! I saw his constant advance. I never saw him stop in his progress."

Chapter XXI. The Master said, "There are cases in which the blade springs, but the plant does not go on to flower! There are cases where it flowers, but no fruit is subsequently produced!"

Chapter XXII. The Master said, "A youth is to be regarded with respect. How do we know that his future will not be equal to our present? If he reach the age of forty or fifty, and has not made himself heard of, then indeed he will not be worth being regarded with respect."




Chapter XXIII. The Master said, "Can men refuse to assent to the words of strict admonition? But it is reforming the conduct because of them which is valuable. Can men refuse to be pleased with words of gentle advice? But it is unfolding their aim which is valuable. If a man be pleased with these words, but does not unfold their aim, and assents to those, but does not reform his conduct, I can really do nothing with him."

Chapter XXIV. The Master said, "Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. Have no friends not equal to yourself. When you have faults, do not fear to abandon them."

Chapter XXV. The Master said, "The commander of the forces of a large state may be carried off, but the will of even a common man cannot be taken from him."





Chapter XXVI. 1. The Master said, "Dressed himself in a tattered robe quilted with hemp, yet standing by the side of men dressed in furs, and not ashamed;—ah! it is Yu who is equal to this!

2. "'He dislikes none, he covets nothing;—what can he do but what is good!'"

3. Tsze-lu kept continually repeating these words of the ode, when the Master said, "Those things are by no means sufficient to constitute (perfect) excellence."

Chapter XXVII. The Master said, "When the year becomes cold, then we know how the pine and the cypress are the last to lose their leaves."

Chapter XXVIII. The Master said, "The wise are free from perplexities; the virtuous from anxiety; and the bold from fear."

Chapter XXIX. The Master said, "There are some with whom we may study in common, but we shall find them unable to go along

適道、可與適道、未可與立、可與立、未可與權。 【三十章】【一節】唐棣之華、偏其反而、豈不爾思、室是遠而。【二節】子曰、未之思也、夫何遠之有。

with us to principles. Perhaps we may go on with them to principles, but we shall find them unable to get established in those along with us. Or if we may get so established along with them, we shall find them unable to weigh occurring events along with us."

Chapter XXX. 1. How the flowers of the aspen-plum flutter and turn! Do I not think of you? But your house is distant.

2. The Master said, "It is the want of thought about it. How is it distant?"