The Chinese Classics/Volume 1/Confucian Analects/XVIII

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微子第十八

BOOK XVIII. WEI TSZE.


【第一章】【一節】微子去之、箕子爲之奴、比干諫而死。【二節】孔子曰、殷有三仁焉。

【第二章】柳下惠爲士師、三黜、人曰、子未可以去乎。曰、直道而事人、焉往而不三黜、枉道而事人、何

Chapter I. 1. The Viscount of Wei withdrew from the court. The Viscount of Chi became a slave to Chau. Pi-kan remonstrated with him and died.

2. Confucius said, "The Yin dynasty possessed these three men of virtue."

Chapter II. Hui of Liu-hsia being chief criminal judge, was thrice dismissed from his office. Some one said to him, "Is it not yet time for you, sir, to leave this?" He replied, "Serving men in an upright way, where shall I go to, and not experience such a thrice-repeated


必去父母之邦。

【第三章】齊景公待孔子、曰、若季氏、則吾不能、以季孟之閒待之。曰、吾老矣、不能用也。孔子行。

【第四章】齊人歸女樂。季桓子受之、三日不朝、孔子行。

【第五章】【一節】楚狂接輿歌而過

dismissal? If I choose to serve men in a crooked way, what necessity is there for me to leave the country of my parents?"

Chapter III. The duke Ching of Ch'i, with reference to the manner in which he should treat Confucius, said, "I cannot treat him as I would the chief of the Chi family. I will treat him in a manner between that accorded to the chief of the Chi, and that given to the chief of the Mang family." He also said, "I am old; I cannot use his doctrines." Confucius took his departure.

Chapter IV. The people of Ch'i sent to Lu a present of female musicians, which Chi Hwan received, and for three days no court was held. Confucius took his departure.

Chapter V. 1. The madman of Ch'u, Chieh-yu, passed by Confucius, singing and saying, "o fang! o fang! How is your


孔子、曰、鳳兮鳳兮、何德之衰、往者不可諫、來者猶可追。已而已而、今之從政者殆而。【二節】孔子下、欲與之言。趨而辟之、不得與之言。

【第六章】【一節】長沮桀溺耦而耕。孔子過之、使子路問津焉。【二節】長沮曰、夫執輿者爲誰。子路曰、爲孔丘。曰、是魯孔丘與。曰、是也。曰、是知津矣。【三節】問於桀

virtue degenerated! As to the past, reproof is useless; but the future may still be provided against. Give up your vain pursuit. Give up your vain pursuit. Peril awaits those who now engage in affairs of government."

2. Confucius alighted and wished to converse with him, but Chieh-yu hastened away, so that he could not talk with him.

Chapter VI. 1. Ch'ang-tsu and Chieh-ni were at work in the field together, when Confucius passed by them, and sent Tsze-lu to inquire for the ford.

2. Ch'ang-tsu said, "Who is he that holds the reins in the carriage there?" Tsze-lu told him, "It is K'ung Ch'iu." "Is it not K'ung Ch'iu of Lu?" asked he. "Yes," was the reply, to which the other rejoined, "He knows the ford."

3. Tsze-lu then inquired of Chieh-ni, who said to him, "Who


溺。桀溺曰。子爲誰。曰、爲仲由。曰、是魯孔丘之徒與。對曰、然。曰、滔滔者、天下皆是也、而誰以易之、且而與其從辟人之士也、豈若從辟世之士哉。耰而不輟。【四節】子路行以吿、夫子憮然曰、鳥獸不可與同群、吾非斯人之徒與而誰與、天下有道、丘不與易也。

are you, sir?" He answered, "I am Chung Yu." "Are you not the disciple of K'ung Ch'iu of Lu?" asked the other. "I am," replied he, and then Chieh-ni said to him, "Disorder, like a swelling flood, spreads over the whole empire, and who is he that will change its state for you? Than follow one who merely withdraws from this one and that one, had you not better follow those who have withdrawn from the world altogether?" With this he fell to covering up the seed, and proceeded with his work, without stopping.

4. Tsze-lu went and reported their remarks, when the Master observed with a sigh, "It is impossible to associate with birds and beasts, as if they were the same with us. If I associate not with these people,—with mankind,—with whom shall I associate? If right principles prevailed through the empire, there would be no use for me to change its state."


【第七章】【一節】子路從而後、遇丈人、以杖荷蓧。子路問曰、子見夫子乎。丈人曰、四禮不勤、五穀不分、孰爲夫子。植其杖而芸。【二節】子路拱而立。【三節】止子路宿、殺雞爲黍而食之、見其二子焉。【四節】明日、子路行以吿。子曰、隱者也、使子路反見之、至、則行矣。【五節】子路曰、不仕

Chapter VII. 1. Tsze-lu, following the Master, happened to fall behind, when he met an old man, carrying across his shoulder on a staff a basket for weeds. Tsze-lu said to him, "Have you seen my master, sir!" The old man replied, "Your four limbs are unaccustomed to toil; you cannot distinguish the five kinds of grain:—who is your master?" With this, he planted his staff in the ground, and proceeded to weed.

2. Tsze-lu joined his hands across his breast, and stood before him.

3. The old man kept Tsze-lu to pass the night in his house, killed a fowl, prepared millet, and feasted him. He also introduced to him his two sons.

4. Next day, Tsze-lu went on his way, and reported his adventure. The Master said, "He is a recluse," and sent Tsze-lu back to see him again, but when he got to the place, the old man was gone.

5. Tsze-lu then said to the family, "Not to take office is not


無義。長幼之節、不可廢也、君臣之義、如之何其廢之、欲潔其身、而亂大倫、君子之仕也、行其義也、道之不行、已知之矣。

【第八章】【一節】逸民、伯夷、叔齊、虞仲、夷逸、朱張、柳下惠、少連。【二節】子曰、不降其志、不辱其身、伯夷叔齊與。【三節】謂柳下惠少連、降志辱身矣、言

righteous. If the relations between old and young may not be neglected, how is it that he sets aside the duties that should be observed between sovereign and minister? Wishing to maintain his personal purity, he allows that great relation to come to confusion. A superior man takes office, and performs the righteous duties belonging to it. As to the failure of right principles to make progress, he is aware of that."

Chapter VIII. 1. The men who have retired to privacy from the world have been Po-i, Shu-ch'i, Yu-chung, I-yi, Chu-chang, Hui of Liu-hsia, and Shao-lien.

2. The Master said, "Refusing to surrender their wills, or to submit to any taint in their persons;—such, I think, were Po-i and Shu-ch'i.

3. "It may be said of Hui of Liu-hsia, and of Shao-lien, that they surrendered their wills, and submitted to taint in their persons,


中倫、行中慮、其斯而已矣。【四節】謂虞仲夷逸、隱居放言、身中淸、廢中權。【五節】我則異於是、無可無不可。

【第九章】【一節】大師摯適齊。【二節】亞飯干適楚。三飯繚適蔡。四飯缺適秦。【三節】鼓方叔、

but their words corresponded with reason, and their actions were such as men are anxious to see. This is all that is to be remarked in them.

4. "It may be said of Yu-chung and I-yi, that, while they hid themselves in their seclusion, they gave a license to their words; but, in their persons, they succeeded in preserving their purity, and, in their retirement, they acted according to the exigency of the times.

5. "I am different from all these. I have no course for which I am predetermined, and no course against which I am predetermined."

Chapter IX. 1. The grand music master, Chih, went to Ch'i.

2. Kan, the master of the band at the second meal, went to Ch'u. Liao, the band master at the third meal, went to Ts'ai. Chueh, the band master at the fourth meal, went to Ch'in.

3. Fang-shu, the drum master, withdrew to the north of the river.


入於河。播鼗武、入於漢。【五節】少師陽、擊磬襄、入於海。

【第十章】周公謂魯公曰、君子不施其親、不使大臣怨乎不以、故舊無大故、則不棄也、無求備於一人。

【十一章】周有八士、伯達、伯适、仲突、仲忽、叔夜、叔夏、季隨、季騧。

4. Wu, the master of the hand drum, withdrew to the Han.

5. Yang, the assistant music master, and Hsiang, master of the musical stone, withdrew to an island in the sea.

Chapter X. The duke of Chau addressed his son, the duke of Lu, saying, "The virtuous prince does not neglect his relations. He does not cause the great ministers to repine at his not employing them. Without some great cause, he does not dismiss from their offices the members of old families. He does not seek in one man talents for every employment."

Chapter XI. To Chau belonged the eight officers, Po-ta, Po-kwo, Chung-tu, Chung-hwu, Shu-ya, Shu-hsia, Chi-sui, and Chi-kwa.