The Constitution of India (Original Calligraphed and Illuminated Version)

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The Constitution of India (1949)
the Constituent Assembly of India
1828685The Constitution of India1949the Constituent Assembly of India


Part 1 The Union and its Territory (Art. 1-4)
Part 2 Citizenship (Art. 5-11)
Part 3 Fundamental Rights (Art. 12-35)
Part 4 Directive Principles of State Policy (Art. 36-51)
Part 5 The Union
Chapter 1 The Executive (Art. 52-78)
Chapter 2 Parliament (Art. 79-122)
Chapter 3 Legislative Powers of the President (Art. 123)
Chapter 4 The Union Judiciary (Art. 124-147)
Chapter 5 Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (Art. 148-151)
Part 6 The States in Part A of the First Schedule
Chapters 1 and 2 General; The Executive (Art. 152-167)
Chapter 3 The State Legislature (Art. 168-212)
Chapter 4 Legislative Power of the Governor (Art. 213)
Chapter 5 The High Courts in the States (Art. 214-232)
Chapter 6 Subordinate Courts (Art. 233-237)
Part 7 The States in Part B of the First Schedule (Art. 238)
Part 8 The States in Part C of the First Schedule (Art. 239-242)
Part 9 The Territories in Part D of the First Schedule and other Territories not specified in that Schedule (Art. 243)
Part 10 The Scheduled and Tribal Areas (Art. 244)
Part 11 Relations between the Union and the States
Chapter 1 Legislative Relations (Art. 245-255)
Chapter 2 Administrative Relations (Art. 256-263)
Part 12 Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits
Chapter 1 Finance (Art. 264-291)
Chapter 2 Borrowing (Art. 292-293)
Chapter 3 Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits (Art. 294-300)
Part 13 Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territory of India (Art. 301-307)
Part 14 Services under the Union and the States
Chapter 1 Services (Art. 308-314)
Chapter 2 Public Service Commissions (Art. 315-323)
Part 15 Elections (Art. 324-329)
Part 16 Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes (Art. 330-342)
Part 17 Official Language
Chapter 1 Language of the Union (Art. 343-344)
Chapter 2 Regional Languages (Art. 345-347)
Chapter 3 Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, etc. (Art. 348-349)
Chapter 4 Special Directives (Art. 350-351)
Part 18 Emergency Provisions (Art. 352-360)
Part 19 Miscellaneous (Art. 361-367)
Part 20 Amendment of the Constitution (Art. 368)
Part 21 Temporary and Transitional Provisions (Art. 369-392)
Part 22 Short Title, Commencement and Repeals (Art. 393-395)
First Schedule The States and the territories of India
Second Schedule Emoluments, allowances and privileges
Third Schedule Forms of Oaths or Affirmations
Fourth Schedule Allocation of seats in the Council of States
Fifth Schedule Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes
Sixth Schedule Provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in Assam
Seventh Schedule Union List, State List and Concurrent List
Eighth Schedule Languages
Signatures Constituent Assembly Members

Calligraphed by Prem Behari Narain Raizada (Saxena), s/o Shree
Brij Behari Narain Raizada of Delhi.
c/o Messrs. Govan Bros. (Rampur) Ltd. Rampur.

Illuminated by Shri Nandalal Bose and other artists of
Santiniketan, Viswabharati.

Photolithographed at the Survey of India Offices,
Hathibarkala, Dehra Dun.

List of Illustrations

  1Mohenjodaro Period
Decoration with Mohenjodaro seals.
  2Vedic Period
Scene from Vedic Asram (Gurukul).
  3Epic Period
Scene from the Ramayana (Conquest of Lanka and recovery of Sita by Rama).
  4Epic Perioddo
Scene from the Mahabharata (Srikrishna propounding Gita to Arjuna).
  5Mahanjanapada and Nanda Period
Scene from Buddha's life.
  6Mahanjanapada anddo
Scene from Mahavir's life.
  7Mauryan Period
Scene depicting the spread of Buddhism by Emperor Asoka in India and abroad.
  8Gupta Period
Scene from Gupta Art. It's development in different phases.
  9Gupta Perioddo
Scene from Vikramaditya's Court.
10Gupta Perioddo
Scene depicting one of the ancient Universities (Nalanda).
11Medieval Period
Scene from Orissan Sculptures.
12Medieval Perioddo
Image of Nataraja.
13Medieval Perioddo
Scene from Mahabalipuram Sculptures (Bhagirath's penance and the descent of Ganga).
14Muslim Period
Portrait of Akbar with Mughal Architecture.
15Muslim Perioddo
Portraits of Shivaji and Guru Gobind Singh.
16British Period
Portraits of Tipu Sultan and Lakshmi Bai (Rise against the British Conquest).
17India's Freedom Movement
Portrait of the Father of the Nation (Gandhiji's Dandi March).
18India's Freedomdo
Bapuji the Peace-Maker—his tour in the riot affected areas of Noakhali.
19Revolutionary movement for freedom
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and other patriots trying to liberate Mother India from outside India.
20Natural Features
Scene of the Himalayas.
21Natural Featuresdo
Scene of the Desert.
22Natural Featuresdo
Scene of the Ocean.

This work is the work of Government of India. Section 52(1)(q) of the Indian Copyright Act, 1957 allows for the reproduction or publication of

  • any matter which has been published in any Official Gazette except an Act of a Legislature;
  • any Act of a Legislature subject to the condition that such Act is reproduced or published together with any commentary thereon or any other original matter;
  • the report of any committee, commission, council, board or other like body appointed by the government if such report has been laid on the Table of the Legislature, unless the reproduction or publication of such report is prohibited by the government;
  • any judgement or order of a court, Tribunal or other judicial authority, unless the reproduction or publication of such judgement or order is prohibited by the court, the Tribunal or other judicial authority, as the case may be.

The decision of the Supreme Court of India in "Eastern Book Company & Ors vs D.B. Modak & Anr" on 12 December, 2007 interpreted this section of the Act as making the material public domain.

This work is also in the public domain in the U.S. because it is an edict of a government, local or foreign. See § 313.6(C)(2) of the Compendium II: Copyright Office Practices. Such documents include "legislative enactments, judicial decisions, administrative rulings, public ordinances, or similar types of official legal materials" as well as "any translation prepared by a government employee acting within the course of his or her official duties."

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