The Encyclopedia Americana (1906)/Münsterberg, Hugo
Münsterberg, mün'ster-bĕrg, Hugo, German-American psychologist: b. Dantzic, Germany, 1 June 1863. He graduated at the Dantzic Gymnasium in 1882, and pursued post-graduate studies in physiology, philosophy, natural sciences and medicine until 1887. He received the degree of Ph.D. at Leipsic in 1885 and that of M.D. at Heidelberg in 1887. After this he was instructor and assistant professor of psychology in the University of Freiburg at Baden, Germany. In 1892 he came to America and accepted the professorship of experimental psychology at Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., where he has remained ever since. His studies in psychology have chiefly been devoted to its physiological aspects. He is a member of the Psychological Association and was elected its president in 1898; also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Most of his works are in the German language: 'Die Willenshandlung' (1888); 'Gedankenübertragung' (1889); 'Der Ursprung der Sittlichkeit' (1889); 'Beiträge zur Experimentellen Psychologie' (1889-93); 'Aufgaben und Methoden der Psychologie' (1891); 'Psychology and Life' (1899); 'Grundzüge der Psychologie' (1900); and 'American Traits' (1902). He has also been a large contributor of psychological and philosophical articles to the 'Psychological Review' and many other magazines and periodicals.