75%

The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Cognizance

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Edition of 1920. See also Cognizance on Wikipedia, and the disclaimer.

COGNIZANCE, an old term in common law signifying legal jurisdiction or acknowledgment of a fact entailing certain legal consequences. The term is used in the United States to signify a general sense of jurisdiction as in the phrase “to take cognizance of a cause of action.” In pleading, cognizance signifies a formal acknowledgment of an act alleged. In former times cognizance of pleas was jurisdiction of causes, a privilege granted by the king to a city or town to set up a tribunal for the trial of suits. The term is also used in heraldry to signify some distinguishing mark as a crest or badge.