The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Engel, Joseph

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ENGEL, Joseph, Austrian anatomist: b. Vienna, 1816; d. 1899. He was appointed professor of anatomy at Zürich in 1844 and later the chair of physiology fell to him also. Five years afterward he was appointed to the chair of pathological anatomy at the University of Prague. In 1854 he became professor of anatomy at the Josephakademie, Vienna, in which position he remained until 1874. He made many important contributions to the systematization of anatomical science and its study. His principal works are ‘Lehrbuch der pathologischen Anatomie,’ and ‘Kompendium der topographischen Anatomie’ (1859).