The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Fischbach, Friedrich

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FISCHBACH, fĭsh'bäH, Friedrich, German textile designer: b. Aix-la-Chapelle, 1839; d. 1908. He received his education at the Berlin Academy of Industrial Design. In 1862 he removed to Vienna where he followed the profession of decorator and designer. He became teacher of ornamentation at the Royal Academy, Hanau, in 1870, and from 1883 to 1888 served as director of the Industrial Art School of Saint-Gall. In 1889 he removed to Wiesbaden. He founded many societies for the advancement of industrial art and by his work exercised a great influence on textile designing in Germany. In 1909 the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, acquired his collection of antique embroideries and fabrics. He published ‘Ornamente der Gewebe’ (1874-81); ‘Geschichte der Textilkunst’ (1883); ‘Südslavische Ornamente’ (2d ed., 1872); ‘Album für Stickerei’ (130 patterns in gold and colors, 1872; 1880); ‘Neue Muster für Stickerei und Häkelarbeiten’ (3 series, 1880-83); ‘Stickereimuster’ (1888); ‘Häkelvorlagen’ (1889); ‘Weissstickereivorlagen’ (1892); ‘Die Wichtigsten Webemuster bis zum 19ten Jahrhundert’ (1900).