The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Jáurequi y Aguilar, Juan Martínez de
JÁUREQUI Y AGUILAR, hou'rạ-gē ē ä'gē-lär, Juan Martínez de, Spanish poet: baptized Seville, 24 Nov. 1583; d. Madrid, 11 Jan. 1641. He studied at Rome and in 1610 is known to have been in Spain with a reputation as both painter and poet. He is supposed to have painted the portrait of Cervantes mentioned in the prologue to ‘novelas exemplares,’ which is believed to be the one now in the possession of the Real Academia Española; and his translation of Tasso's ‘Aminto’ (Rome 1607) is praised in the second volume of ‘Don Quixote.’ His ‘Rimas’ (1618) comprised a collection of charming lyrics, and in its preface the poet severely scored the affectations of the school of Góngora. He was appointed groom of the chamber to Philip IV through the influence of Olivares, and afterward won the Order of Calatrava through his spirited presentment of his views of the art of poetry in ‘Discurso poético contra el hablar culto y oscuro’ (1624). Later, however, Jáurequi fell under the influences he had so strenuously combated, his ‘Orfeo’ (1624) showing evidences of the Góngora cult, while his translation of the ‘Pharsalia,’ published posthumously (1684), shows him a full convert to the method. His reputation rests upon his earlier work. An edition of his poems was published in ‘Biblioteca de autores españoles’ (Vol. XLII, Madrid 1857). His translation of the ‘Aminto’ was edited by Lopez de Sedano in ‘Parnaso español’ (Vol. II, Madrid 1768-78).