The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Key to pronunciation

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KEY TO PRONUNCIATION.




ä far, father
 
ā fate, hate
 
a or ă at, fat
 
ã air, care
 
ado, sofa
 
â all, fall
 
ch choose, church
 
ē eel, we
 
e or ĕ bed, end
 
ė
her, over: also Fr. e, as in de; eu, as in neuf; and oeu, as in boeuf, coeur; Ger. ö (or oe), as in ökonomie.
 
befall, elope
 
ë agent, trident
 
ff off, trough
 
g gas, get
 
gw anguish, guava
 
h hat, hot
 
h or H Ger. ch, as in nicht, wacht
 
hw what
 
ī file, ice
 
i or ĭ him, it
 
î
between e and i, mostly in Oriental final syllables, as, Ferid-ud-din
 
j gem, genius
 
kw quaint, quite
 
Fr. nasal m or n, as in embonpoint, Jean, temps
 
ñ
Span. ñ, as in cañon (căn'yǒn), piñon (pēn'yŏn)
 
ng mingle, singing
 
nk bank, ink
 
ō no, open
 
o or ŏ not, on
 
ô corn, nor
 
ȯ atom, symbol
 
book, look
 
oi
oil, soil; also Ger. eu, as in beutel
 
ö or oo fool, rule
 
ou or ow allow, bowsprit
 
s satisfy, sauce
 
sh show, sure
 
th thick, thin
 
ð father, thither
 
ū mute, use
 
u or ŭ but, us
 
pull, put
 
ü
between u and e, as in Fr. sur, Ger. Müller
 
v of, very
 
y (consonantal) yes, young
 
z pleasant, rose
 
zh azure, pleasure
 
′(prime), (secondary) accents, to indicate syllabic stress.