The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Klüber, Johann Ludwig
KLÜBER, klu'ber, Johann Ludwig, German law professor, author and state official: b. Tann, near Fulda, 10 Nov. 1762; d. Frankfort, 16 Feb. 1837. He became professor of law at the University of Erlangen (1786), privat-referendar, state and cabinet counsel, in Karlsruhe (1804), and professor of law at Heidelberg (1807). During the congress at Vienna (1814-15), by government permission, he resided there and published ‘Akten des Wiener Kongresses in den Jahren 1814 and 1815’ (8 vols.); an enlarged edition was published 1830 under the title of ‘Quellensammlung zu dem öffentlichen Rechte des Deutschen Bundes.’ Under von Hardenberg, chancellor of state, he became privy councillor in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1817) and, under its auspices he assisted in the congress at Aix-la-Chapelle (1818), and in political negotiations in Frankfort and Saint Petersburg. In 1822 he published the second edition of his ‘Öffentlichen Rechte des Deutschen Bundes,’ which brought on political persecution, his resignation and retirement to Frankfort, where he died. Other prominent works are ‘Staatsrecht des Rheinbundes’ (1808); ‘Die Selbständigkeit des Richteramtes und die Unabhängigkeit seiner Urteile in Rechtsprechen’ (1832); ‘Pragmatische Geschichte der nationalen und politischen Wiedergeburt Griechenlandes’ (1835).