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The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Nördlingen

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NÖRDLINGEN, nėrd'lĭng-ĕn, Germany, town in the northwestern part of Bavaria, on the Eger River, 75 miles northwest of Munich. Its history dates back to the year 900, and some of the buildings still remaining bear evidence of an even earlier date. It became an Imperial city in 1215. Two of the decisive battles of the Thirty Years' War were fought in Nördlingen; one 16 Sept. 1634, where Ferdinand, the king of the Romans, was successful and South Germany was freed from foreign rule, and the other 13 Aug. 1645 between the Imperial forces and the French, — the French were victorious. Nördlingen has considerable manufacturing interests in linen and woolen goods, carpets, leather, agricultural implements, furniture and toys, and there are large nurseries. It has schools of note and a large library. Pop. 8,705.