The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Nordenskiöld, Nils Otto

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NORDENSKIÖLD, Nils Otto, Swedish explorer and geologist, nephew of A. E. Nordenskiold (q.v.): b. Smaland, 6 Dec. 1869. He was educated at Upsala, where he was graduated with a doctor's degree in 1894. In 1895-97 he accompanied the scientific expedition to Patagonia under Ohlin; in 1898 traveled through the Klondike and Alaska; in 1900 was a member of the Danish expedition under Amdrup to the eastern coast of Greenland; and in October 1901 left Gottenburg on the Antarctic to explore the south polar regions. His ship was sunk in Erebus and Terror Gulf in the early part of 1902, and he and his men encamped on Paulet Island, whence they were rescued by the Uruguay, a gunboat sent out by the government of Argentina. In 1909 he explored the southwest of Greenland. He was appointed professor of geography at Gottenburg in 1905. He is the author of ‘Antarctica’ (1901-04), and ‘Geology and Physical Geography of East Greenland’ (1909).