The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Saint, The

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Edition of 1920. See also Der Heilige on Wikipedia, and the disclaimer.

SAINT, The (‘Der Heilige’). ‘The Saint,’ by Conrad F. Meyer (1879), is a short novel, about the length of ‘Silas Marner,’ centred around the great quarrel between Henry II and his Chancellor and Primate of England, Thomas Becket. In a broad sense based on history, its psychology is fancifully developed from a mediæval legend found by Meyer in 1853 in Thierry's ‘Conquest of England’ (Book IX), according to which Becket was the son of an Englishman and of the sister of the Kalif of Cordova. The story of Henry's amours with beautiful Rosamond Clifford in the hidden bower suggested the secret palace in which Meyer's Becket rears his daughter Grace to save her from royal lechery. The accidental slaying of Grace after her seduction by the king inspires in Becket a deep-laid plot for revenge under the veil of pretended loyalty and later of saintly devotion when he becomes Primate on Henry's nomination, whereby he drives the king to alternate fits of despair and fury over the loss of political advantages and of the love of his queen and sons. The tragic ending is historical.

The story is put in the mouth of a Swiss bowman, who is supposed to have come on his wanderings to London, where he entered the service of the king and was a minor actor in all the events he relates. The style is vivid, swift and powerful, and the diction of wonderful force and color, suggestive of a Gobelin tapestry, or as Keller said, “brocade.” It is Meyer's most finished production, possibly his best. The English reader will find it curious to compare it with Tennyson's ‘Becket.’ Consult ‘Der Heilige’ (66th ed., Leipzig 1913); American School Edition (ed. Eggert, New York 1907, with critical introduction); Frey, Adolf, ‘Conrad Ferdinand Meyer’ (Stuttgart 1900); Credner, Karl, ‘C. F. Meyer, Der Heilige’ (Berlin 1899); Langmesser, ‘K. F. Meyer’ (Berlin 1905).

Carl E. Eggert.