The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Spitta, Karl Johann Phillip
SPITTA, Karl Johann Phillip, German
hymnist: b. Hanover, 1801; d. Burgdorf, 1859.
After completing studies at Göttingen University,
he taught from 1824 to 1828 at Lüne,
where he composed the hymns which brought
him into prominence. He served as pastor in
several localities and became superintending
clergyman at Burgdorf in 1859, a short time
before his death. His hymns of perfect lyric form
and purity of style are marked by spiritual
elevation and a wealth of thought and sentiment
embodied in fresh, vigorous language. They
came into general use and retain a high position
in the hymnology of the period. They appear
in ‘Nachgelassene geistliche Lieder’ (1861 et
seq.); in ‘Psalter und Harfe’ (1833; rev. ed.
with bibliography, 1890; Jubilee ed. 1901).
Consult Münkel, ‘Phillip Spitta’ (Leipzig
1861); Majer, ‘id.’ (2d ed.,