The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Vogel von Falckenstein, Eduard

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VOGEL VON FALCKENSTEIN, fō'gĕl fŏn fäl'kĕn-shtīn, Eduard, German army officer: b. Breslau, 1797; d. 1885. After a preliminary education he entered the military service in 1813 and in the following year won distinction at the battle of Montmirail. For the next 40 years little was heard of him as he advanced from grade to grade, becoming lieutenant-general in 1858, in which year also he was placed in command of the Fifth Army corps. In the war with Denmark, in 1864, be served as chief of staff and in the war with Austria, two years later, he was given an army to suppress the Hanoverians, Bavarians, Hessians and other allies of Austria among the small German states. He defeated the troops of these states in succession at Langensalza, Kissingen and Frankfort. Soon after peace was declared he was given command of the First corps. He was a member of the North German Reichstag in 1867-70 and in the latter year was in command of troops on the Baltic front. He retired three years later. Consult Wengen, ‘General Vogel von Falckenstein und der hannoversche Feldzug, 1866’ (Gotha 1886).