The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Volkmann, Alfred Wilhelm

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VOLKMANN, fōlk'män, Alfred Wilhelm, German physiologist; b. Leipzig, Germany, 1 June 1801; d. Halle, Germany, 21 April 1877. He was educated in Leipzig, London and Paris, was appointed professor of physiology at Dorpat in 1837, and in 1843 accepted the chair of physiology and anatomy at the University of Halle. He made a specialty of the study of the nervous and optic systems. He writings include ‘Anatomy of Animals’ (1831-33); ‘The Independence of the Sympathetic System of Nerves’ (1842); ‘Elasticity of Muscles’ (1856); ‘Physiological Researches in the Department of Optics’ (1863-64), etc.