The Gateless Gate/Ummon's Sidetrack

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Koan number 39 out of 49 in this work (published 1228, translated 1934)

823765The Gateless Gate — 39. Ummon's SidetrackNyogen Senzaki and Paul RepsMumon

A Zen student told Ummon: "Brilliancy of Buddha illuminates the whole universe."

Before he finished the phrase Ummon asked: "You are reciting another's poem, are you not?"

"Yes," answered the student.

"You are sidetracked," said Ummon.

Afterwards another teacher, Shishin, asked his pupils: "At what point did that student go off the track?"

Mumon’s comment: If anyone perceives Ummon's particular skillfulness, he will know at what point the student was off the track, and he will be a teacher of man and Devas. If not, he cannot even perceive himself.
When a fish meets the fishhook
If he is too greedy, he will be caught.
When his mouth opens
His life already is lost.