The New International Encyclopædia/Abolitionists

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AB'OLI'TIONISTS (Lat. abolitio, an annulling, from abolere, to check the growth). The term used in the United States, after 1835 and until the Civil War, for those opponents of slavery who were the most intense in their desire to secure the immediate emancipation of the blacks. Others avowed their “anti-slavery” opinions, but these advocated, by all the means they could command, immediate “abolition.” Their tion was wpakciioil. ami tlirii ropiifaf ion fur sobriety wa-^ ilaniairf'il. 'iv tlicir stcailfasl refusal to recognize tlie l)iiKliiif; loroe of any Ininian laws which recofniizod human slavery, anil even of the constitution ; and tlieir extreme demands and radical methods repelled the sympathy of many conservative men who desired that the abolition of slavery should be seeureil. allhoufjh by ex|)edient and letfal means. .Mthouyh dis- credited in many quarters, the abolitionists were in the end successful, from one jioint of view, in niakin;; slavery a national issue ami in hasten- ing the time of final decision as to its contin- uance. Among the most conspicuous leaders of the abolitionists were William Lloyd (larrison, !i vitjorinis and fearless writer, Wendell Phillips, the famous orator, (iervit Smith, a generous philanthropist. Arthur Tappan. William Ooodell, and Lucretia Mott. The biograjihics of most of these leaders have been written, and they afVonl ample illustrations of the spirit by which they were governed. See Anti-Si.avkky Society; G.RRI.S(1N. WlLI,I.M Ll.OYU: (JlDDINGS, J0.SJIIA R. : and P.UKEi:. Theodohk.