The New International Encyclopædia/Albuquerque (New Mexico)

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ALBUQUERQUE. The county seat of Bernalillo Co., New Mexico, on the Rio Grande, 73 miles southwest of Santa Fé, and on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fé, and Atlantic and Pacific railroads (Map: New Mexico, E 2). It has an elevation of 5000 feet above the sea, is the seat of the University of New Mexico (organized 1889), a government school for Indians (founded in 1881), and several academies; has a large trade in grain, hides, wool, and manufactures of iron and brick, and in the vicinity are silver, gold, copper, and iron mines. Albuquerque was founded in 1706, was named in honor of Albuquerque, then Viceroy of New Mexico, and was a prominent settlement during the Spanish régime. The new town really dates from 1880, and was incorporated as a city in 1892. The mayor is elected annually and the city council is composed of eight members. Pop., 1890, 3785; 1900, 6238.