The New International Encyclopædia/Blumer, Johann Jakob

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BLUMER, blōō'mẽr, Johann Jakob (1819-75). A Swiss statesman and historian, born in Glarus. He studied in Zürich, Bonn, and Berlin. In 1843 he was elected to the Landrat, and in 1861 became president of the Court of Appeals. Between 1861 and 1874 he completed his revision of the civil and criminal law of Switzerland, and subsequently he was chosen president of the Permanent Court of the Swiss Federation. His books include Staats- und Rechtsgeschichten der schweizerischen Demokratien (1850-59), and Handbuch des schweizerischen Bundesstaatsrechts (1877-87).