The New International Encyclopædia/Braun, Karl

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BRAUN, Karl (1822-93). A German statesman and author. He was born at Hadamar, in the Duchy of Nassau, and studied classical philology and history at Marburg, and law and political economy at Göttingen. He was president of the Nassau Chamber of Deputies from 1859 to 1866, and as the leader of the Liberals advocated German unity and industrial freedom. He was one of the founders of the Volkswirtschaftlicher Kongress, and was elected its permanent president in 1859. In 1863 he established the Vierteljahrschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Kulturgeschichte—the representative organ of the Free-Trade Party of Germany—and edited this publication until 1887. As a deputy in the Reichstag he was successively identified with the National Liberal, Secessionist, and German Liberal parties. He published a great variety of works, among which the volumes entitled Bilder aus der deutschen Kleinstaaterei (1881) probably take first rank.