The New International Encyclopædia/Darwin, George Howard

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DARWIN, George Howard (1845—). An English geologist, son of Charles Robert Darwin. He was born at Down, Kent, and after graduating at Trinity College (1868), where he was later a fellow (1868-78), he was admitted to the bar. He did not practice, however, but devoted his entire attention to mathematical science, and particularly to experimental investigation on the pressure of loose sands, on changes in the level of the earth's surface, and minor earthquakes. His publications include papers on The Harmonic Analysis of Tidal Observations (1883); The Effects of Tidal Friction on the Earth and Moon; Periodical Orbits (1896); and Tides and Kindred Phenomena (1898). In 1882 he assisted Sir William Thomson in the preparation of a new edition of Thomson and Tait's Natural Philosophy. He was appointed Plumian professor of astronomy and experimental philosophy at Cambridge in 1883. Mr. Darwin was chosen a member of the Royal Society, and in 1885 became a member of the council of the Meteorological Office.