The New International Encyclopædia/Gemünder, August

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GEMÜNDER, ge-mụn'dēr, August (1814-95). A naturalized American violin-maker, born at Ingelfingen, Württemberg. With his brother George (q.v.) he learned his trade under the famous Baptiste Vuillaume, of Paris, but in 1846 he settled at Springfield, Mass., and established himself in business there. He speedily earned an international reputation, and in 1860 moved his business to New York. Several famous violinists used his instruments; but perhaps his greatest masterpiece was the celebrated copy of Sarasate's Amati, which that artist pronounced equal to the original. He died in New York.