The New International Encyclopædia/Haupt, Lewis Muhlenberg

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HAUPT, Lewis Muhlenberg (1841—). An American civil engineer, born in Gettysburg, Pa. He was educated at Harvard and at West Point, became lieutenant of lake surveyors by 1868, and in the following year was attached to a military district in Texas. From 1872 to 1892 he was professor of civil engineering in the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1885-86 was editor of the Engineering Register. In 1886 he invented a method for marking channels. He was a member of the Nicaraguan and the Isthmian Canal Commissions (1897-99), was president of the Colombia-Canea Arbitration (1897), and was chief engineer of the survey for ship canals across New Jersey, and was consulting engineer on the construction of the Ohio-Lake Erie ship canal. In addition to his numerous contributions to engineering journals, his publications include: Working Drawings and How to Make and Use Them (1881); The Topographer—His Methods and Instruments (1884); Physical Phenomena of Harbor Entrances (1887); Canals and Their Economic Relation to Transportation (1890); and A Move for Better Roads (1891).