The New International Encyclopædia/Herder, Bartholomäus

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HERDER, hĕr'dẽr, Bartholomäus (1774-1839). A German publisher, born at Rottweil, in Württemberg. In 1801 he opened a bookstore and printing-office in Meersburg, on Lake Constance, but soon afterwards removed to the city of Constance, and in 1810 to Freiburg, Baden, where he opened the Herdersche Universitätsbuchhandlung. He accompanied the Allies to Paris in 1814 as Imperial field printer in Metternich's suite, and on his return added to his printing business establishments for lithography, copper-engraving, and plastic art. The Catholic character of the firm was developed under his sons and successors, Karl Raphael Herder and Benjamin Herder, and it became one of the best-known publishing houses of this Church in Germany. In 1888 Hermann Herder, a son of Benjamin and grandson of the founder, inherited the business, which became known as the Herdersche Verlagshandlung. The firm also established an office at Saint Louis, Mo., U. S. A. Among the important works which the firm has published is Wetzer und Welte's Kirchenlexikon oder Encylclopädie der katholischen Theologie (12 vols., 1847-56; 2d ed. 1882-1901).