The New International Encyclopædia/Klughardt, August
KLUGHARDT, klōōG'härt, August (1847-1902). A German composer, born at Köthen. He studied at the Dessau gymnasium and music at Dresden under Blassmann and Reichel. After having been theatre-kapellmeister at Posen, Lübeck, and Weimar, he became in 1872 Courtkapellmeister at Neustrelitz, and in 1882 took a like position at Dessau. He composed the operas Mirjam (1871), Iwein (1879), Gudrun (1882), Die Hochzeit des Mönchs (1886), and, in addition to overtures, symphonies, and other instrumental pieces, the remarkable symphonic poem Leonore.