The New International Encyclopædia/Müller, Friedrich (philologist)

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MÜLLER, Friedrich (1834-98). An Austrian philologist. He was born at Jemnik, Bohemia; studied in Vienna and Göttingen, and from 1866 until his death was professor of comparative philology and Sanskrit at the University of Vienna. He was a member of the Academy of Sciences, and was one of the highest authorities on comparative philology and ethnology and the relations of the two sciences. Besides contributing largely on these subjects to the Mitteilungen der anthropologischen Gesellschaft and the Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, and editing these periodicals for a time, he wrote the linguistic and the ethnological parts of the Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara (1867-73); Allgemeine Ethnographie (1873); and a Grundriss der Sprachwissenschaft (1876-87).