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The New International Encyclopædia/Müller, Wilhelm

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MÜLLER, Wilhelm (1794-1827). A German poet, excelling in popular and political songs that attracted great composers, notably Schubert, and also influenced Heine's lyric development. Müller, who was born in Dessau, October 7, 1794, studied philology and history, fought in the War of Liberation, visited Italy (1817-19), was made professor in the Gelehrtenschule at Dessau (1819), and ducal librarian there. He died in Dessau, September 30, 1827. His poems, published under the titles Müllerlieder (1818); Gedichte eines Waldhornisten (1821); Lieder der Griechen (1821-24); Lieder des Lebens und der Liebe (1824); Lyrische Reisen (1827), were collected with other Works by Schwab in five volumes (1830). A new edition by Müller's son, the Orientalist, Max Müller, appeared in 1868; the Poems were published in one volume (1874).