The New International Encyclopædia/Marx, Adolf Bernhard
MARX, märks, Adolf Bernhard (1795-1866). A German writer on musical subjects, born at Halle. He studied law and practiced it for a short time, but soon devoted himself exclusively to music and became editor of the Berlin Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung. In 1830 he was made professor of music at the Berlin University, and in 1832 obtained the post of musical director at the university. His works include: Die Lehre von der musikalischen Komposition (1837-45); Allgemeine Musiklehre (1839; 10th ed. 1884); Ludwig van Beethoven: Leben und Schaffen (1859; 4th ed. 1884); Gluck und die Oper (1862); and Das Ideal und die Gegenwart (1867).