The New International Encyclopædia/Pastor, Ludwig

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PASTOR, päs'tôr, Ludwig (1854—). A German historian, born at Aix-la-Chapelle. He studied at the universities of Bonn, Berlin, and Vienna, became a lecturer at Innsbruck in 1880, and was appointed to a professorship of history there in 1880. In the preparation of his historical works he made extensive research in the archives of Germany, France, and Italy, particularly those of the Vatican, first made accessible by Leo XIII. His chief publication is his Geschichte der Päpste seit dem Ausgang des Mittelalters (1886-95; 4th ed., 1899-1901; English trans., London, 1891-98), an extensive and thorough history of the Papacy from the close of the Middle Ages. Other volumes by him are Die kirchlichen Reunionsbestrebungen während der Regierung Karls V. (1879), and Die Korrespondenz des Kardinals Contarini während seiner deutschen Legation (1880).