The New International Encyclopædia/Pforzheim
PFORZHEIM, pfṓrts'hīm. A town of Baden, Germany, on the northern border of the Black Forest, 16 miles southeast of Karlsruhe (Map: Germany, C 4) . It has the remains of an ancient castle, formerly the residence of the margraves of Baden-Durlach, several churches, a convent, and industrial and other schools. The Schlosskirche is a notable old structure in the Gothic and Renaissance styles. Pforzheim is one of the largest manufacturing centres of cheap jewelry in the world, over 10,000 workmen being employed. There are also chemical and iron works, machine shops, tanneries, and paper, electrical apparatus, and other factories. Population, in 1895, 33,331; in 1900, 43,097.