The New International Encyclopædia/Roth, Rudolf von

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ROTH, Rudolf von (1821-95). A German Orientalist and Sanskrit scholar. He was born in Stuttgart and was educated at Tübingen and Berlin. He continued his studies in Paris and London, and in 1848 received the appointment of extraordinary professor of Oriental languages in Tübingen University, becoming full professor and principal librarian in 1856. His chief work is the monumental Sanskrit Wörterbuch (7 vols., Saint Petersburg, 1853-95), compiled in collaboration with Otto von Böhtlingk (q.v.) and published by the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He edited Yaska's Nirukta (1852) and, with Whitney, the Atharva Veda (1856-57). His original works include: Zur Litteratur und Geschichte des Veda (1846); Der Atharva-Veda in Kaschmir (1875); Ueber Yaçna 31 (1876).