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The New International Encyclopædia/Schultens, Albert

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SCHULTENS, sKụl'tĕns, Albert (1686-1750). A Dutch Semitic scholar. He was born in Groningen, studied there, at Utrecht, and at Leyden, and after two years as pastor at Wassenaar, near Leyden, in 1713 became professor of Oriental languages at Franeker, whence in 1729 he removed to Leyden. There he became professor of Arabic — the study of which he insisted was a necessary adjunct to Hebrew — and of Hebrew antiquities. He was the first comparative philologist in Semitics, and wrote Institutiones ad Fundumenta Linguæ Hebraicæ (1737), Origines Hebrææ (1724-38), the unfinished Institutiones Aramææ (1745-49), and versions, with commentaries, of Job (1737) and of the Book of Proverbs (1748).