The New International Encyclopædia/Springbok
SPRINGBOK (Dutch, springing goat). A South African gazelle (Gazella euchore). It is larger than the common deer, and its neck and limbs much longer and more delicate. The general color is fulvous brown on the upper parts, pure white beneath, the colors separated on the flanks by a broad band of deep vinous red. The whole head is white, except a broad brown band on each side from the eye to the mouth, and a brown spot in the centre of the face. The springbok derives its name from the prodigious leaps which it takes either when alarmed or in play, often to the height of seven feet, and sometimes of twelve or thirteen feet. It is one of the most sought-after game animals of South Africa, yet remains numerous. Consult authorities cited under Antelope; and see Plate of Gazelles.