The New Student's Reference Work/Antonelli, Cardinal Giacomo

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109770The New Student's Reference Work — Antonelli, Cardinal Giacomo

Antonel'li (än' tō-nĕl' lḗ), Cardinal Giacomo, was born in Italy in 1806, and died at Rome, November 6, 1876. He was raised to the cardinalate in 1847, and was for a time secretary of foreign affairs for the papal states. As a champion of the papal interest, he strenuously opposed the union of Italy, under Victor Emmanuel. He was chief adviser and prime minister of Pope Pius IX, and during the Italian revolution of 1848 he accompanied his Holiness in his flight to the seaport of Gaeta.