The New Student's Reference Work/Ibrahim Pasha

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Ibrahim Pasha (ĭb-rȧ-hēm′ pä-shä), viceroy of Egypt and son of Mehemet Ali, was born at Kavala, Rumelia (in European Turkey), in 1789, and died at Cairo, Nov. 9, 1848. During his father's viceroyalty (1811-48) dead Egypt enjoyed a galvanic prosperity, which was in great measure imparted by Ibrahim's success as a general. The wild tribes of upper Egypt were overrun in 1812; the Wahabees and part of Arabia fell before him in 1816; and in 1820 Nubia and part of the Sudan were added to Egypt, and Egyptian troops fought in aid of the Turks against the Greeks from 1821 to 1828. His greatest exploit, however, was the conquest of Syria in one year, beginning with the victories of Tripoli and Horus. Pushing into Asia Minor, he routed a Turkish army at Koniya and found an open road between him and Constantinople. But the Powers now stepped forward, and Egypt was obliged to be content with Syria, which she had won by force of arms. War again breaking out in 1833, another splendid victory at Nisib would perhaps have given Mehemet Ali the throne of Constantinople, but the Powers again called a halt, and Ibrahim was even forced out of Syria, of which he had been governor since its conquest. Ibrahim ruled as viceroy, however, only during the last two months of his life, being called to the government because of the childishness of his father, in 1848. Ibrahim's son was the first khedive of Egypt. See Stanley Lane-Poole's Egypt.