The New Student's Reference Work/North, Frederick

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North, Frederick, eighth Lord North and second earl of Guilford, an English statesman, was born on April 13, 1732, and educated at Oxford.  He entered the house of commons at the age of 22, and was made lord of the treasury in 1759.  In 1767 he was appointed chancellor of the exchequer and leader of the house of commons, being there opposed to Fox and Burke.  In 1770 he became prime minister, and his course, to a large extent, caused England to lose America.  He resigned in 1782, and became blind five years before his death, which occurred on Aug. 5, 1792.