The New Student's Reference Work/Velvet

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Vel'vet, a fabric in which, besides the ordinary warp and weft, which are usually arranged as in twill-weaving, there is an additional weft, consisting of short pieces of silk, cotton or woolen thread doubled under the regular weft and brought to the surface in loops which are so close together as to conceal the regular web. The loops are afterwards cut evenly, and the ends thus made constitute a covering resembling a very short fur. In silk velvets the warp and pile threads are both of organzine silk, which is the strongest used in weaving.