Sir John Drummond Hay
We regret to announce the death of the Right Hon. Sir John Hay Drummond Hay, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., who was so long and so intimately associated with Morocco, and whose hospitable kindness was so well known to all English visitors to Tangier. He was the son of Captain Edward Drummond Hay, who was a nephew of the ninth Earl of Kinnoul
. He was born in 1816, and educated at Charterhouse
, and at the age of 24 he was appointed a paid attaché to the Embassy of Constantinople. Here he remained for four years, and was then sent to Morocco to assist the Agent and Consul-General in his communications with the Court of Morocco during the difficulties with the French Government. In this mission he displayed so much ability that a few months afterwards, though still having merely the rank of a paid attaché, he succeeded his temporary chief as Agent and Consul-General. Thus began a remarkable diplomatic activity, involving considerable personal initiative and freedom of action, which lasted without interruption for more than 40 years. During this long period his intelligence, energy, and thorough knowledge of the Oriental character enabled him to exercise an amount of influence, both with the Government and with the native of all classes with whom he came in contact, such as had never been enjoyed by any of his predecessors, and such as none of his successors is ever likely to obtain. He belonged, in fact, to a category of diplomatists who are very useful in semi-civilized countries, but who are no longer to be found so near to Europe, and who are not well adapted to the present methods of bureaucratic and Parliamentary control. In 1845 he acted as a mediator in the difficulties which Morocco had with Denmark, Sweden and Spain, and signed in that capacity the convention which the Sultan concluded with the Court of Madrid. In 1856 he negotiated and signed a general treaty and a commercial convention with the Moroccan Government, and was raised fiver years afterwards to the rank of Minister Resident. His further promotion to the rank of Minister Plenipotentiary took place in 1872, and to that of Envoy Extraordinary in 1880. In July, 1886, he retired on a pension, and was sworn a Privy Councillor, but he continued to reside privately a great part of the year in the country where he had served his country, so long and so successfully. He died on Monday night at Wedderburn Castle, near Duns, in Scotland.