The Tribes of Burma/Bibliographical notes/Karens

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THE KARENS.[edit]

References :

MC.MAHON = "The Karens of the Golden Chersonese." Culonel A. McMahor, London, 1876.

BROWN = "Elementary Handbook of the Red Karen Language." Captain R. T. R. Brown, Rangoon, 1900.
Serial
No.
Head. Brief description. Authority. Page.
1 2 3 4 5
1 Present habitat. East and south of Lower
Burma, west and south
of Shan States.
Burma Census Report, 1901, Part I. 121
2 Origin ... Central Asia, between China and Tibet. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ... ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Brown ... ...
162
227
90
523
1
3 Political and social divisions. Sgaw, Pwo, Bghai ... British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Burma Census Report, 1901, Part I.
Bmma Census Report, 1891, Vol. I.
166
226
524
121
206
4 Allied tribes Taungthus Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 524
5 Language and dialects. Language described ...
Placed in the Sinitic group
of the Siamese-Chinese branch
of the Tibeto-Chinese family.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I.
Burma Census Report, 1901, Part I.
Brown ... ...
Burma Census Report, 1891, Vol. I.
Imperial Gazetteer of India (Edition 1907), Vol. I.
169
86
 
164
394
6 Religion Animistic nature described. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Burma Census Report, 1901, Part I.
M. and B. Ferrars, "Burma," London, 1900.
238
525, 538
37
151
7 Birth ceremonies. Disposal of navel string, naming, etc. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ... ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
229
319
526, 534,
538, 541,
553
8 Magic and witchcraft. Witchcraft; stone worship ; divination ; superstitions.
Harvest ceremonies.
Fowl's bones.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol.II.
McMahon ... ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
 
 
Brown ... ...
241
126, 139
526, 530
539, 543
553, 548
4
9 Initiatory ceremonies. Teeth staining among Bres. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 534
10 Totems and tribal marks. Red Karens, rising sun tattooed on back. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
243
529
11 Marriage customs and ceremonies. Betrothals, marriage,
endogamy, couvade, etc.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
 
 
"Burma." Sir G. Scott, London, 1906.
383 
230 
527, 537,
540, 541,
547, 552 
117, 123 
12 Marital relations. Chastity and divorce ... British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, rart I.
231 
527, 537,
540, 541 
13 Treatment of widows. Widows, neglect of ... British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II. 231 
14 Death and burial ceremonies. Disposal of dead, etc., coffin, etc. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
 
M. and B. Ferrars, "Burma," London, 1900.
231 
317 
527, 535,
541, 548 
153 
15 Clothing ... Dress described ...
Men—jackets, and either loin cloth
or short pants. Women—ordinarily smock and skirt.
British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
 
 
Brown                   ...
A. R. Colquhoun, Amongst the Shans, London, 1885.
228 
282 
524, 532 
533, 536,
543-552 

65 
16 Personal ornaments. Neck, head and leg ornaments. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
 
 
"Burma," Sir G. Scott, London, 1906.
243 
291 
525, 532,
533, 537,
543-552 
123 
17 Painting and tattooing. Vide "Tribal marks." Teeth staining among Bres.
Tattooed squares under chins
among Loilong Karens.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
534 
543 
18 Games and amusements. Dancing ... Transfixing bamboo hoops. McMahon ... ...
M. and B. Ferrars, "Burma," London, 1900.
289 
152 
19 War ... Warfare, treatment of prisoners, etc. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II. 232 
20 Hunting Disposal of heads
of animals killed in the chase ;
offerings to spirits of the hunt on behalf
of hunting dogs, decoys, etc.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
M. and B. Ferrars, "Burma," London, 1900
543, 548 
152 
21 Agriculture ... Cultivation, harvest festivals., etc. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
 
M. and B. Ferrars, "Burma," London, 1900
241, 239 
535, 536,
542 
149 
22 Habitations ... Houses, etc. ... British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II. 228 
1 2 3 4 5
23 Government ... Government ... British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ... ...
232 
 81 
24 Laws ... Laws of inheritance, etc. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II. 237 
25 Covenants, oaths, ordeals Water and tree ordeal... McMahon ... ... 331 
26 Property ... Hereditary family holdings among Bres. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 535 
27 Slavery Slavery; captured prisoners. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
A. R. Colquhoun, Amongst the Shans, London, 1885.
237 
533 
69 
28 Music and poetry. Gourd instrument, bronze drums. McMahon ... ...
M. and B. Ferrars, " Burma," London, 1900.
329 
153 
29 Arts, e.g., pottery, weaving, dyeing. Tradition about weaving among Loilong Karens, consequent closing of looms. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 543 
30 Engineering and implements. Weapons, cross-bows, spears, etc. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II. 533 
232 
31 Miscellaneous customs in regard to fire water, etc. Fire in cemetery, responsibility for— among Mepu Karens. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part 1. 553 
32 Chronology ... Names of months, etc. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 529 
33 Food, tobacco, etc. Feasts. Red Karens. Khaung ; use of pipes, etc. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. II.
McMahon ... ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
244 
94 
550, 532,
535 
34 Miscellaneous, folklore, etc. River of running sand. Traditions of creation and fall. British Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I. 163 
35 Anthropometric data.
  Sgaw. Pwo.
Cephalic index. 82.1 82.5
Facial index 127.4 123.6
Height standing. 159.8 160.9
Anthropometric data from Burma. B. Gupta, Calcutta, 1906, 172