The Tribes of Burma/Bibliographical notes/Lisaws

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THE LISAWS.[edit]

References :

LITTON. TENTG.="Report on a Journey to the North of Tengyueh sub-prefecture" G. Litton, Rangoon, 1904.

LITTON. TIB.="Report on a Journey to Tibetan Yunnan." G. Litton, Rangoon, 1904.

LITTON. SAL.="Report on the Upper Salween." G. Litton, Rangoon, 1906.

D'ORLEANS.="From Tonkin to India." Prince Henri d'Orleans, Ed., London, 1898.

COOPER.="Travels of a Pioneer of Commerce." T. T. Cooper, London, 1871.
Serial
No.
Head. Brief description. Authority. Page.
1 2 3 4 5
1 Present habitat. Valley of Salween from 26° to 27° 30'. Mountains between Shweli and Irrawaddy. Eastern fringe of north of Upper Burma and Shan States. Litton. Sal. ... ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Yunnan: The Link between India and the Yangtze. H. R. Davies, Cambridge, 1909.
13
388, 587
124, 391
2 Origin Border between Tibet and China. Said to have come from Wei-see-foo. d'Orleans ... ...
Cooper ... ...
Voyage d'exploration en Indo-Chine. Gamier, Paris, 1873, Vol. I.
160
337
519
3 Political and social divisions. Tribal subdivisions outside Burma. Litton. Sal. ... ... 14
4 Allied tribes Lahus, Lutzes, Kiutzes, Mossos. d'Orleans ... ...
Litton. Tib. .. ...
294
25
5 Language and dialects. Pere Desgodens, Leso. Vocabulary.
Lisaw sub-group of Burma group.
Vocabulary ...
Burma Census Report, 1891, Vol. I.
Burma Census Report, 1901. Part I.
Linguistic Survey of India, Vol. III, III.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
148
79
383
661
6 Religion ... Spirit worship; ancestral ghosts. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Litton. Sal. ...
389, 587
13
7 Magic and witchcraft. Tongpa (sorcerer); sacrifice of fowl; recitation of names of spirits invited to feast, etc. d'Orleans ... 200
8 Marriage customs and ceremonies. Efter wedding feast, betrothed retires with parents to mountain where she is sought by swain. d'Orleans ... ... 164
9 Death and burial ceremonies. Day of horse most favourable for burial. Bow and arrows hung on grave.
Graves in fields near village.
d'Orleans ... ...
Litton. Sal. ... ...
182
13
10 Clothing ... Hempen robe and trousers (men).
Hempen kilt, jacket and cap (women).
In some places frock-coat of coarse white cloth. Patches of blue cloth on back.
Litton. Teng. ...
Litton. Sal. ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
d'Orleans ... ...
2, 3
3, 9
388, 616
164, 174
11 Personal ornaments. Shells, bits of deer horn, odds and ends of silver and pebbles. Earrings, etc. Litton. Teng. ...
Cooper ...
d'Orleans ...
3
337
164, 175
12 Coiffure ... Men—either short-haired or with pig-tail. Women—sometimes with double pig-tail or with hair done up in horns above the ears. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Litton. Sal.
d'Orleans ...
389
6
163
13 Games and amusements. Dance; musicians; dancing in a ring. d'Orleans ... 198
14 War ... Description of inter-village fight. War-bows ; war swords ; shields.
Cuirasses of bark or leather worn by "braves."
Litton. Sal. ...
 
d'Orleans ... ...
10
 
177, 195
15 Hunting Direction of hunting expedition not to be divulged. Hunting dogs. Poisoned arrows, etc, d'Orleans ... ...
"Across Chryse." A. R. Colquhoun, London, 1883.
227
309
16 Agriculture ... Maize and buck wheat Litton. Tib. ...
Litton. Sal.
6
14
17 Habitation ... Houses of wooden stakes plastered with mud, not raised above ground ; thatch roof. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
d'Orleans ...
Litton. Sal ...
587
161
14
18 Government No sort of Government in Lisaw country proper.
Emblems of chiefly authority.
Litton, Sal. ...
Cooper ... ...
9
336
19 Character ... Cowardly, lazy and improvident. Litton. Sal. ... 14, 15
20 Slavery Described as "a fighting tribe who make slaves." Litton. Tib. ... ... 25
21 Trade Varnish, bees-wax, etc., exchanged for cotton, opium, etc. Litton. Sal. ... ... 9
22 Writing and drawing. Tally used for conveying messages. d'Orleans ... ... 168
23 Music and poetry. Mouth organ d'Orleans ... ... 191
24 Arts, e.g., pottery, weaving, dyeing. Hempen garments woven at rude looms. Litton, Sal. ... ... 14
25 Arms and implements. Cross-bows, poisoned arrows. (Vide "War" and "Hunting" ante.) Manufacture of arms Litton. Sal. ... ...
The Ficus Elastic a in Burma Proper. G. W. Strettell, Rangoon, 1876.
14, 15
168
26 Food and drink. Wild honey. Mutual loving cup. d'Orleans ... ... 164, 226